The Color of Christ: The Son of God and the Saga of Race in America was published a while ago, but it is still great and very relevant to read. An audio version, which I listened to, is available too. I do not have a print version to review, so I just posted an interview with the book authors.
The book is a cultural-religious history of the many different American Christian conceptions of Christ’s skin color and physical appearance and the evolution of these views. One thing that sticks out to me is that white American Christians did not originally conceive Jesus as a white man. After Puritan iconoclasm fell in popularity and America gained nationhood, they constructed that image to help define American national identity. Today, the image of a white Christ is still widely used (like a painting in my Vietnamese grandmother’s house), but I wonder if or when it will change some day.
I remember reading a 2002 article from Popular Mechanics about anthropologists studying Galilean skulls to imagine what Jesus may have looked like. The result is startlingly different to popular American depictions of Christ. However, that investigation happened a long time ago, and not much in American popular culture seem to have changed since then.