I couldn’t be bothered to resurrect an old thread, so I started a second thread. (If any mod thinks the threads should be merged, please do so)
I have been reading Ed Feser’s ‘Five Proofs of The Existence of God’, and I found the second argument, the Neo-Platonic argument very interesting:
Premise 1 : The universe is formed of composite things.
Premise 2 : Composite things have prior causes, as they are made up of parts.
Conclusion : Therefore the ultimate cause of the universe must be simple and non-composite, or it itself would have to have been formed.
As for the qualities which this ‘Divine Simplicity’ must have (which I argue necessarily includes something equivalent to intellect), that is a topic for another day. The topic of my thread is the supposed eternity of the universe, and whether or not this poses a threat to the cosmological arguments, as well as the Biblical account of creation. I argue that it does not, for suppose that the universe was eternal, in this case, it would still need a ‘ground of being’ in order to exist, for it would still have to ‘be’. Therefore, I argue that the eternity of the universe gets you nowhere. Many classical Jewish and Christian thinkers such as Maimonides and Aquinas also thought that the eternity of the universe was a real possibility.