Since this was lost in the muddle and hostility of people in the other thread I would like to confront this question more head on and hopefully without trolls bringing over their vendettas from other topics.
Here are four positions to start with… (please add to these with more numbers 5,6,7 etc…)
- There is only the body and its organs like the brain. This even includes some religious sects who believe this body and its organs will or can be resurrected. I suppose this also includes those who speak of a mind or spirit but think these are no more than functions or emergent properties of the body and brain.
- There is not only the body and brain, but a mental soul which drives the body like a car and which can therefore drive other bodies just as we drive different cars. This is your classic dualism and loved by Gnostics, believers in reincarnation, and those who like to make the mind into some kind of proof of their beliefs.
- There is not only a body and brain, but a soul and spirit also. And the mind consists of various functions of brain, soul, and spirit. When the body and brain dies, the soul continues to exist and the spirit connect it to God… or something like that.
- There is not only a body and brain, but also a mind and spirit as well. The body and brain are both physical and biological, while the mind is physical but memetic (produced by a different inheritance than DNA) rather than biological, while the spirit is a non-physical product of the choices made by the physical living organism and continues to exist after the body and mind are gone.
I am described by position 4.
Obviously these 4 don’t cover all the possibilities so I am suggesting people just lay out here what they think people are (at least conceptually) made of and what role these different components play.