The page linked to is in two parts
- Criticism of a version of the cosmological argument for the existence of God.
- Rehash of the problem of evil.
- Agreed. The cosmological argument has no objective validity. But this hardly proved that God does not exist. The most that can be concluded when all the arguments for the existence of God are shown to be invalid is that believing that God does not exist is also a rational alternative to theism.
- This is the oldest and best argument against the existence of God (from Epicurus 300 BC). The answers to this are legion and clearly the argument hasn’t convinced believers in God for over 2 millennia. For myself in particular it is evolution in conjunction with other findings in science which deals the final death blow to this argument for the argument relies on the assumption that an all powerful God would be responsible for everything that exists and happens.
A. Quantum Physics shows that physical determinism is no longer supportable, i.e. not all events have a cause within the scientific worldview.
B. Chaotic dynamics shows that quantum indeterminacy alters the course of events on a macroscopic scale.
C. Evolution shows that living organisms are not a product of design but are a product of self-organization and learning.
To be sure the conceptions of God as a Watchmaker are no longer supportable and theism must be altered to fit the facts just as much as atheism has been altered to fit the discovery that the universe had a beginning. These discoveries A-C underline the response to the problem of evil known as free will and shows that this is far deeper in the nature of the universe than previous ideas by theists that this was just some ability supernaturally added on to human beings alone. Instead it is part of not only the nature of life but has grounding in the nature of matter as well. But I certainly will claim that things have significantly changed since the time the problem of evil was introduced in 300 BC.
Don’t mistake me. I am certainly NOT claiming that matter has free will, only that matter is not chained to an absolute time-ordered causality. Nor am I dismissing or overlooking the serious philosophical difficulties with the concept of free will.
Correction. Science has suggested that it is certainly possible that not everything (universe included) necessarily has a cause. So your conclusion that it must be accepted that God did not cause the universe to exist does not follow. I know the existence of irrational theists makes it easy to dismiss all theists as irrational, but the fact is that there are also numerous atheists with arguments which are irrational and beliefs contrary to the objective evidence. So the existence of irrational theists hardly proves anything. Like I said above, the most that can be concluded is that atheism is an alternative belief which is no less rational than theism.
No such probability has or can be calculated, and probabilities which cannot be calculated are nothing but empty rhetoric and personal feelings.
Let me extend my personal welcome. I always look forward to meeting more rational humble atheists like those I have met before, but if you prove to be neither of these then the example of the opposite is frankly also very much welcome here as well. LOL