Do you think belief in God (even if you don’t necessarily think he is real per say) is necessary for morality?
As an atheist I explained morality by saying that if an action causes harm to others, it is bad, if it is causes pleasure to others it is good. For they are living beings just as you are.
Some problems with this:
- Leads to circular reasoning if goodness is defined as well being, then well being is defined as well being.
- Our natural observations only show us what ‘is’, not what ‘ought’ to be.
- If goodness is human flourishing, what about a world where the wicked flourish?
- We cannot objectively say what human flourishing is. Hitler believed killing the Jews would cause human flourishing.
- If we use our ‘rationality’ to determine rationality, this can lead to a problem, for it may be better for the species overall if the weak members of society were killed off.
What do you think?