From time to time commentators reference languages spoken by Israel’s ancient neighbors, eg Ugaritic and Akkadian, to help understand a biblical text. There is the possibility of circular logic in that knowledge of Hebrew and Aramaic seem to inform the deciphering of the ancient texts.
- So how reliable is the understanding of these dead ancient languages? To what level of detail does this reliability extend?
- How independent of is the understanding of these languages from Hebrew? Is it independent enough to inform our understanding of Hebrew?
- Is there a good reference which explains the issue of reliability?