As I have stated before, I am a huge fan of the scholarship of Michael Heiser. Michael Heiser’s main area of study is on the notion of Divine Plurality in the Hebrew Bible. Simply put, the Israelite’s saw the gods of other nations as being real entities, not just false idols. For example, see Exodus 15:11:
Who among the gods is like you, LORD? Who is like you-- majestic in holiness, awesome in glory, working wonders?
As Michael Heiser points out, for this verse to be truly meaningful, the gods in question must be real, otherwise it is like comparing Jesus to a Leprechaun, as he says. What set the Israelite’s apart from the other nations however is that Yahweh was the only god worthy of worship. For this reason, Michael Heiser claims that the Bible is in no way polytheistic. I however, strongly disagree with this statement, it seems to me like Ancient Israelite Divine Plurality is almost the textbook definition of monolatry. This issue in no way bothers me, in fact, it actually makes the Bible much more interesting. What do you think?
Check out http://www.thedivinecouncil.com/.
See also this video to get the basics: