In the thread on Determining similarity statistics between the human and chimp genome I made this point:
You see this, for example, with the anti-vax movement, which is causing a resurgence of diseases such as measles that were once all but eliminated, thanks to the weakening of herd immunity.
In software development—my line of work—getting things wrong can result in anything from Facebook accounts being hacked right up to cars or aeroplanes crashing.
As far as the age of the earth is concerned, getting radiometric dating wrong would result in oil companies wasting a fortune drilling only to find that the oil was either too young or too old and they couldn’t economically get it out of the ground. See “Can Young Earth Creationists Find Oil?” on the Age of Rocks blog.
But my question is this: are there any areas of research where getting evolution in particular wrong could result in Bad Things Happening? I’d imagine there might be some areas of medical research where this could be the case, for example, but is anyone able to give some specific examples?