Why can’t it simply be that they believed in those stories, even if they did not believe it’s literal.
Take Noah’s flood. How do you know for sure what they believed? I believe the story too. I believe a flood covered the word and killed everyone there except for Noah and his family and that he brought animals from the world into his ark.
However, just like how it seems clear that Cain took a wife that was not his sister, I believe that others lived. That Noah’s whole world was much like the apostles whole world. Everyone that belonged to the tribe Noah did lived in the same area and a flood wiped out that tribe. A tribe that God made a deal with. Same as he did several more times. Saving a remnant of his chosen people. Same as when Paul said the whole world hear show gospel, he did not mean the indigenous people of North America. So if Paul’s whole world was not the same as we think of it, why should Noah’s whole world also be different?
Why can’t Adam and Eve have been real, and Jesus believed in them, yet they still were being used in an ahistorical tale where reality and fiction was combined.
While Jesus was speaking to people he constantly mixed in parables ( fiction ) among with telling them truths. Why can’t that same spirit also have worked scriptures out that way in other stories?
In the New Testament they used the word hades instead of Sheol and talked about fire and the land of the grave. They mixed in roman elements to Jewish ones. So why Csnt the Jewish writers of the Torah also combined their tales with Sumerian and Other Mesopotamian ones?
They wrote that sin entered the world through one man, Adam. Yet before Adam sinned Eve sinned. So if Eve sinned first, yet they say sin entered through Adam, that must mean it’s not taken as literal 100% history.
Jesus did not know the times of the end. Only the father. So if Jesus did not know that, why must we assume he somehow knew everything else? Plenty of reasons to believe in a not so literal genesis 1-11 and yet still believe in the stories and refer to them.
I will pray through of course. Just keep studying as well.