Soul in English, Psyche in Greek
In Aristotelianism, whatever it is that accounts for the fact that something is alive.
Aquinas on Human Nature
Aquinas adopts a generally Aristotelian picture of human nature. For Aquinas, the human soul is the form of the body; that is it organizes or structures matter in such a way as to make it a living human organism, might be taken that when a human organism ceases to live, the soul simply ceases to exist, but Aquinas argues that we can prove philosophically that the soul survives the death of the body add that the soul will not exist permanently in its separated state but will be reunited with matter. Unlike the survival of the of the soul, however, the resurrection of the body cannot be proven philosophically. Belief in resurrection is a matter of faith.
If you are interested, please answer these questions by me, Edward.
Did Aristotle believe that all living creatures had souls that were immortal?
If belief in resurrection is a matter of faith, what is not the soul also the same?
How can this topic be compared with Matthew 10:28?
How can Thomas Aquinas, who believed similar to Aristotle be compared to the Apocryphal Book of the Wisdom of Solomon 3:1-9?
Do Aristotle and Thomas believe the same way about the soul? If not, what are their differences?
Do you believe that Greek Philosophers of ancient times will be in heaven? If so, what scripture will prove this?
I hope this will be of interest. God bless.