There is a lot of boxes to unpack with your questions. I’m not going to even try to address all of them. In America, and UK, I think one reason why it’s mostly a European issue is because we are mostly all Europeans in our ancestry and for 1000+ years there has been some form of English spoken as the main language within countries in Europe that Christianity prevailed in and for various reasons English has become one of the most known languages. It’s a common second language regardless if you’re in Asia, America, or even Africa. All of that leads up to most writings on Christianity that gets popularly spread ends up being in English or quickly translated to English. So many white Europeans can instantly google ancient church father quotes found from some isolated preserved fragment of some letter. But you probably can’t find those as easily translated into Chinese or whatever all the languages there are spoken in Africa and various islands around the world. So everything is kind of set up for English speaking people to instantly have more resources available which means more English speaking teachers on the subjects making more books on it.
I’m sure there are things like ancient Shinto writings that are readily available for japanese audiences that are not for English speaking communities.
As for the male part that’s probably part societal and theological. I’ve not made up my mind on this subject, and will eventually have to study it out. But for the moment within the body of believers I only see the qualifications laid out for elders and deacons as being men with 2+ kids in one marriage among many other things. I know there is some debate here, which is why I said I’ll have to study it out. So far everything has lead to me being about 90% leaning towards what I mentioned. After I study it perhaps I’ll have a different opinion then what was developed so far. But that’s just strictly for church office roles and nothing outside of that.
I don’t completely by into the idea that science is scarier and needs extra caution tape around it concerning EC views for fear of some atheistic culture developing. One reason is because prior to this debate even happening the church has had some dark periods. From burning witches and Catholics vs Protestants killing one another and the handful of southern and northern American white slave owners with edited bibles there has been many issues. Ultimately, it comes down to education mostly. The republican side seems to be more anti science concerning anything not in line with a literal interpretation of genesis. Many of those states also score lower in general academically and we see more of them out of shape and not outside in nature as much. But the left has weird anti science issues as well that pops up occasionally in my opinion. Until covid, the majorly of anti Vaxxers I met were white liberal women between 25-40.
But in general I stay out of these things. I think anyone who is really interested in theology and academically inclined who actively seeks to share their research and opinions in a social media outlet will gain popularity. Ultimately, science is not political. But politicians have created a political atmosphere to almost anything and each side has helped cultivate it more and more.
I think a big thing is also how each one of us as a individual handles these things in our own lives. I don’t see evolution vs literal 6 day creation as a political issue and so when I’m approaching people I don’t come at it as such. I come at it as an issue about doctrine and textual analysis. I know people who voted for Trump that believe in evolution and I know people who pushed for Sanders who believe in 6 day creationism. They seem like outliers but dozens nonetheless.
With the opposite sex and how we treat them it’s the same. I know guys who won’t hang out with women , and women who won’t hang out with men, unless they are trying to get something like money or sex. I know some who don’t do it because for them it’s weird and taboo. One of the biggest influences in my life on my theology and helping me work through scripture is a woman whose 60ish and has never been married and has no kids and lives with her 90 year mother and helps take care of her. I don’t really know why she’s never been married or has no kids but I’ve never asked because I felt if she wanted to share she would. She’s straight and she’s a disciple within the Churches of Christ. She’s also believes mostly in a literal 6 day creation. But that’s just one tiny aspect within theology. She knows greek, including Koiné Greek, and Hebrew extremely well.
Most of my friends are males. I have few friends honestly but lots of acquaintances. Besides my fiancée and cousins, I only have two female friends who I am really close with. One lives close by across the creek and the other is someone who loves further away. We talk a lot and often go camping together for days and despite living 11 hours away we see each other at least once a month in person or more. Some people get irritated because we hang out alone. There are a lot of people who still cling to it being some sort of sinful dance. But I don’t have any reason to feel that way theologically or morally. My fiancée is ok with it as well. She lives in China atm and she has close friends she’s known for 25+ years that are men and she likes to dance and will go out to eat, go dancing, and to the movies with them. It does not bother me. I’m not worried about her allowing feelings to develop and if they do I’m not worried about her doing anything about it other than tell me and then we will discuss how to work it out. She loves God more than she loves me so I am not worried about to much. She’s not going to sleep with them firstly because she believes in waiting for marriage and she believes in us. So when me and my friends who are women are hanging out at my place watching horror movies or anime sitting next to each other on my bed and my fiancée calls and it’s a video chat and she sees them she’s not threatened or panicked because she knows I’ll always be faithful to her.
The reason why I brought all of that personal stuff up is because I do believe it’s connected to the discussion. I recognize that a lot of men and women regardless of the generation, race, and nationality are not ok with it. I know atheist liberal men and woman who are very jealous and same for Buddhists, Christians, jews, and muslims. So because for many it’s weird to them to hang out with the opposite sex I believe it helps creates this gender divide on studying together. You won’t see many men and women in relationships hanging out with the opposite sex talking about theology together late at night. They can’t crash out at the persons house or their significant others will freak. They just don’t hang out as much. Which is also perfectly fine. But I think that is part of the reason why you see it being dominated by men. Lots of men hang out for hours and hours talking about theology to one another. I don’t know many women who do that. I’m sure plenty do, but in general i see men doing it. Society has gotten very busy. Most people don’t have as much free time during the day. So it’s later on at night that they have free time and men seem more comfortable being out late at night walking back from a friends than a woman and since most seems to not be cool with opposite sex hanging out alone it just ends up working out with more men hanging out alone at night getting nerdy about theology. I feel like men are less isolated then women. When I go to bars, like a sports bar to watch a fight I mostly see men there. I never see groups of women watching volley ball matches and so on. I don’t watch wrestling but I imagine it’s mostly men going as a group to wrestling matches. Same for most sports. I hardly see groups of women out hanging out at places after 9pm. But see men often.