Thank you for responding with these critical questions and comments.
I am equally delighted to present you with that documentation. There is plenty of evidence of ongoing star formation in the universe. The “Pillars of Creation” are a very famous example, dust clouds that are currently forming stars and are being eroded by the light of new-born stars:
The wavelengths of light emitted from inside these pillars correspond very well with expectations based on our theoretical understanding of star formation.
Concerning galaxy formation, we observe many galaxies with very different characteristics in the universe (e.g., in terms of color, presence of heavy elements, star formation rates, lumpiness). Current understandings of galaxy and star formation explain these differences very well. For example, such properties nicely track the history of our universe:
Faulkner claims in “Is Genesis History” that galactic spiral arms form a problem within the cosmological standard model. The simulations I discussed were based on the assumptions of the standard model and produced long-lived galactic spiral arms. They are therefore direct evidence against Faulkner’s claim that galactic spiral arms are problematic. Despite being an oversimplified representation of reality, these simulations produce results that correspond with observations. Simplicity is actually a strength of such computational work, not a weakness.
I think I have addressed your third point too with this. Yes, these simulations produce new knowledge concerning the formation and stability of galactic spiral arms within the standard model, making Faulkner’s claim outdated. Also, it allows for comparison with the abundant observations of “real, confirmed” galactic spiral arms, thanks to our telescopes…
Dr. Faulkner himself actually disagrees with you concerning dark matter. He even wrote an article for Answers in Genesis, in which he argues that the idea of dark matter is legitimate science:
That assertion might have been valid in the first half of the 20th century, when little data was available to constrain cosmological theories. However, cosmological science has made great progress ever since. As an interesting example, scientists have predicted and observed the cosmic microwave background, radiation left over from the early universe:
I hope all of that helps to address your concerns!