A.Suarez's Treatment on a Pope's Formulation for Original Sin's Transmission!

I fully agree that 2 Peter 1:4 “summarizes pretty well”!

Another good summary is this:

“to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God” (John 1:12).

If you become children of God, and share in the divine nature through Jesus Christ, then you are true God in Jesus Christ.

In a similar way, the Son of God, Jesus Christ, shares in the human nature through his mother Mary, becomes “the Son of man”, and is true man.

If you want, we can continue discussing this interesting theological question. Nonetheless it may be fitting to focus first on the main message I try to convey:

By becoming human, God bestows a dignity upon humankind that animals and machines do not have.

Do you agree to this?

Why do you keep changing the meaning from like, share or possess similarities to completely become?! Is that a function of English not being your native language? I don’t think you have answered: are you now or will you ever become omnipotent or omniscient? This is getting old.

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I answer with pleasure:

The full participation of the Divinity (which is the true bliss of each human being and end of human life), we will reach:

  • only after the last judgment ,
  • and it will be bestowed upon us by Christ’s glorified humanity.

This will be the fulfillment of God’s incarnation: “God was made man, that man might be made God.”

Regarding being omniscient:

After the last judgement, the saints in heaven will know everything that God knows by the knowledge of vision, and thus in the final state of glory the saints can be considered omniscient through Christ’s glorified humanity.

Regarding being omnipotent:

In the final state of glory God’s power is identical with God’s love.
But then the saints in heaven will form a unity of love with God in Christ’s glorified humanity.
Accordingly one can consider that in the final state of glory the saints are omnipotent.

For continuing this interesting discussion it may be useful that you try to answer the following question:

In the state of final glory after the last judgment, is there something God knows that the saints in heaven do not know?

If you think YES, please give some example of such a thing.

But all this stuff isn’t in the Bible, right?


I participated in my biological father’s humanity. Did I become him?

That is a quote from where?

I do not believe that. We will have an eternity to learn, but still not become omniscient.

That’s easy. We will still exist bodily in some manner of time snd space and thus still be finite, and certainly not be omnipresent, correct? If we are not omnipresent, how will we know every detail of every others’ lives, their whereabouts and actions, not to mention their thoughts. I also would not be surprised if how our omnitemporal God works to providentially to intervene into time and space or how he works supernaturally to affect physical reality will both still be beyond our grasp.


For sure, fish are not junk!

They are suitable food for us, precisely because they are genetically our “forebears”:

Fish are given us by God as food (see Genesis 9:2-3), and thus we are allowed to kill them.

By contrast each human being is accountable to God for killing another human being, for God made humankind in the image of God (Genesis 9:5-6).

Humans are made by God to share in God’s eternal life.

Fish are made by God (through evolution) for the flourishing of human life on earth.

YES, we share this axiom, and in this is crucial common ground!

“The fact that God became man” is the deep meaning hidden in the biblical declaration that “God made humankind in the image of God”.

By God’s incarnation we are taught how great is man’s dignity! Or as St. Augustine brilliantly states: “God has proved to us how high a place human nature holds amongst creatures, inasmuch as He appeared to men as a true man.”

this is a bit of a mystery in some ways, though Pete Enns illustrates it to mean that we’re like the ANE images that a king set up to represent him. I 'm not that we can extrapolate much more than that.

What are your thoughts on the concept of “felix culpa”? Thanks.

Maybe they have value to God simply by being part of creation.

Other wise it begins to seem that valuing God highly is indirectly about loving ourselves since according to some all of creation is basically about providing man with three square meals a day.

Thanks for this stimulating comment!

In my view it is.

I am doing nothing other than answering Dale’s good questions by reading into:

1 Corinthians 15:28:

Once the resurrection of the dead is fulfilled, then “God may be all in all”.

And Colossians 3:11:

This deification comes from the fact that “Christ is all, and is in all”.

By reading into them things that are not there and ignoring the larger context of scripture. Might they not just be referring to attention, purpose and motivation. Yeah, I think so. Hardly deification with all attributes identical!

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Indeed. That’s called eisegesis.

Pete Enns illustration is certainly very valuable but may be completed with what I think is the main principle of “exegesis”: “Scripture interprets Scripture”.

Accordingly, to better approaching the mystery of the “image of God” it seems fitting to keep in mind passages like the following ones:

Colossians 1:15
The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.

Hebbrews 1:3
The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven.

Ephesians 1:4
For God chose us in Jesus Christ before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight.

Acts 17:28
As some of your own poets have said, ‘We are his offspring.’

1 John 3:2
we know that when Christ appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.

John 6:57:
The one who eats Me will live because of Me.

John 14:23:
Jesus replied, “Anyone who loves me will obey my teaching. My Father will love them, and we will come to them and make our home with them.”

All these passages support the idea that, according to Scripture, humans are in the image of God because God became true human in Jesus Christ, and then we humans are image of Jesus Christ, i.e. of God.

And this is very much what Pete Enns says after all:

The images a king set up to represent him are representations of the king’s body; God’s body is the body of Jesus Christ, the image of the invisible God!

In this respect I have many thoughts!

To avoid going lengthy, could you please specify in which particular aspect or context are you interested in?

Well, but the image Enns notes is clay, and has no power like the king himself. And we should try to be like Christ, but no one assumes that we will be Christ, or God; after all, the image of the elders worshipping Him in Revelation affirms His dominance and Godhood.

Regarding “felix culpa,” I’m a bit concerned that we imply we can get God to do something better, by sinning (disobeying Him) first. Thus, I don’t think that the immanence of Christ with us is any better than walking and talking with God (not as equals, but as created beings) in the mythical Eden.

Thus, it’s not the culpa, but God’s first goodness, that is to be preferred. Thanks.


By fully participating in your father’s humanity you did not become the same person as your father, but you did become perfectly human.

By fully participating in the divinity of our Father in heaven through Jesus-Christ, we do not become the same person as our Father in heaven, but we become perfectly divine, we become God.

It is important to keep in mind that the term ‘God’ does not refer to a ‘single person’.

When I claim (with St. Irenaeus, St. Athanasius, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, and on the very basis of Scripture) that

“God was made man, that man might be made God”,

I am NOT stating that we become the same person as God-Father.

So the idea of the Trinity, God in three persons, is wrong, according to you.

John 21: 9-13:
When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread. Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish you have just caught.” So Simon Peter climbed back into the boat and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn. Jesus said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” None of the disciples dared ask him, “Who are you?” They knew it was the Lord. Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish.

It looks like the Creator enjoys “about providing man with three square meals a day”!

By contrast, you convey the impression that you are not very fond of humankind, are you?

I believe almost everything can be good in moderation, even mankind. I’m amazed at how special it is to be human but also disappointed to see how we are restricting use of arable lands to only ourselves and the animals on which we feed, driving many creatures into extinction. Rats, mosquitoes and roaches get by our defenses but we’d certainly destroy those too if we possibly could. We wreck the climate and exhaust resources like a bacteria on its way to over running its Petri dish. But as much as I find mankind fascinating, if had to choose between watching us destroy the biome and saying goodbye to our species while there is still some biodiversity, I’d opt for the latter. For all our potential our dark side is just as exceptional.

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Do we become omnipotent and omniscient? Oh wait, we’ve been over this. No.

Citations please (not that I am afraid to disagree with them).

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Are you thinking of the word Elohim? Literally it means gods, but that word as used in the Hebrew Bible doesn’t mean there are multiple gods. If you believe in the Trinity, you know that God exists in three persons. God the Father is one person, God the Son is one person, God the Holy Spirit is one person.

“Let your conversation be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone.” -Colossians 4:6

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