**Adam hardly appears (and Eve not at all) in the Old Testament outside of Genesis, and thus the couple is not blamed for human death or anything else.
The author attempts to argue: A&E hardly appear elsewhere in the Bible. Conclusion: Therefore they can’t be blamed for human death.
This is simply faulty logic.
Of the seven places in the New Testament where Adam is mentioned (Luke 3:38; Rom 5:14; 1 Cor 15:22; 1 Tim 2:13, 14; Jude 14), the two Pauline passages (Rom 5:12–21 and 1 Cor 15:22, 45) have received the most scholarly attention, especially with regard to the manner and background of Paul’s use of the Adam motif.
Most interpreters of these passages agree that Paul is presenting Adam as somehow responsible for the universal existence of sin and death in the world. Two differing views can be identified among these scholars, concerning the way in which Paul attributes the universalization of sin and death to Adam.
According to the traditional view, Paul ascribes to Adam what is loosely understood as a “representative” capacity/status—i.e. the ability to make what is true of him also true of the rest of humanity—and describes the universal reality of sin and death as the result of that representative capacity applied to Adam’s primeval act of sin.
As a consequence of Adam’s sin, in this view, depending on how Adam’s “representative” capacity is conceived, humanity is seen as:
• having actually sinned in Adam and thereby become a priori guilty and subject to death (Morris, Romans, 232; Moo, Romans, 326); or
• having been placed under the covenantal curse by Adam’s breach of the “covenant of works” (Fesko, Last Things, 91–114); or
• having inherited a corrupted nature which inclines humanity to sin (e.g., Ziesler, Romans, 147; Cranfield, Romans, 274–79; Kruse, Romans, 242; compare Fitzmyer, “Consecutive Meaning”, 321–39).
An alternative to this traditional view has been suggested by the interpreters who attribute an apocalyptic thought-frame to Paul.
Adam’s act of sin impacts the rest of humanity not by being amplified through Adam’s representative capacity, but instead by providing the occasion through which sin and death intrude into the world, usurp God’s sovereignty, and rule the world (Käsemann, Romans, 143–45; Jewett, Romans, 377–78; de Boer, “Paul’s Mythologizing,” 13–14).
The proponents of this interpretation have appealed to Gnosticism (Levison, Portraits, 17–18; Brandenburger, Adam and Christus) or certain strands of Jewish apocalyptic literature (de Boer, Defeat of Death, 132–40) as the origin of Paul’s apocalyptic frame of thought (Perkins, Gnosticism, 74–92; Wright, “Anglophone Scholarship”, 372–73).
In summary, Genesis is a fundamental challenge to the ideologies of civilized men and women, past and present, who like to suppose their own efforts will ultimately suffice to save them. Gen 1–11 declares that mankind is without hope if individuals are without God.
Yet Genesis, so pessimistic about mankind without God, is fundamentally optimistic, precisely because God created men and women in his own image and disclosed his ideal for humanity at the beginning of time. And through Noah’s obedience and his sacrifice mankind’s future was secured. And in the promise to the patriarchs the ultimate fulfillment of the creator’s ideals for humanity is guaranteed.
2. In Genesis 1-2, humanity is instructed not only to rule and work , but to subdue and guard . The command to guard implies there is something to guard against.
The author of the article, I assume is referring to Gen 1:28 ‘subdue and rule’ and Gen 3:16-17; 24 of the danger of a fallen person becoming immortal - hence they need protection v24. If so, we see the spoiling effects of their sin. Both are driven from the garden for their safety because of their sin.
3. Jesus heals the sick and raises the dead during his ministry. Yet, he never blames human mortality on Adam and Eve. He doesn’t often address the origins of human death and suffering, but when he does, Jesus explicitly denies that disability, illness, natural disaster, and death are punishment for specific sins.
The tower of Siloam (Luke 13) may initially support the authors argument above. The tower, perhaps associated with the construction of the Roman aqueduct, fell and killed eighteen people. That tragic event did not happen to them because those folks were the dregs of Jerusalem’s society, since Jesus specifically declared that they were not worse culprits (lit., “debtors”; i.e., to God for violating His law) than all the other men who lived in Jerusalem.
So this may support the author, however, Jesus says 'unless you repent, you will all likewise perish. (13:3b, 5b) Is this a reference to the effects of the fall of Adam?
That most severe judgment, from which no one escapes, is that unless people repent, when they die they will all likewise (not in the same manner, but with the same certainty) perish eternally (Heb. 9:27). In the terms of the Lord’s analogy, they need to settle their case before they face the divine judge and it is too late.
Most of the Jewish people were caught up in a works-righteousness system that forced people to view themselves as good based on selective and superficial perception. Consequently, they refused to see themselves as sinners and therefore rejected (Matt. 11:20)
Jesus’ call for them to repent (Matt. 4:17), just as they had John the Baptist’s before Him (Matt. 3:2). Ultimately, it was because Jesus rejected the Jewish people’s hypocritical self-righteousness, categorized them as spiritually blind and impoverished, and boldly confronted their need for repentance that they plotted to murder Him.
In summary, Jesus argues that repentance is the only way to avoid eternal death, a fate that will fall upon everyone who does persist in sin.
Finally, the Apostle John states Jesus doesn’t often address the origin of human death and suffering - John 9 supports this statement as Jesus’ priority is to verify his deity. Jesus heals a man on the Sabbath and later directly attributes sickness to sin (Jn 5:14).
4. Paul names death an enemy, but death remains part of God’s good creation.
I am not sure what the author means - death was originally part of God’s good creation?