It’s interesting you picked Ex 20:11. (Ex 31:17 as well) I was doing a study of the phrase “six days” and where it’s used and in what context. Exodus uses it more than any other book. The argument makes some sense if Moses was describing events as they occurred. However, if the authorial intent of Moses was to implant the importance of the weekly Sabbatical cycle onto the Jewish people, it makes equal sense. In other words, the literary ordering of Genesis 1 may take its cue from the central importance of the Sabbatical cycle. 7 days. 7 years. It also points to the eternal rest achieved for us by Jesus work upon the Cross, done at the end of the Passover week, and the ultimate culmination of His second coming which institutes our permanent corporate rest in Him. Skipping to Revelation we see those cycles of 6 in the plagues, the bowls, and trumpets, are completed in the 7th after a break in the action. It’s an interesting repetition. Like Jesus being transfigured after 6 days on the mountain.
So is it literal, or literary? My jury is still out on that.
When I say literal I’m referring primarily to the video camera recording of a calendar week of 24 hour days like an action film. I’d differentiate that from the literal theological truth being communicated: God is creator. God is a plurality. God creates all things good. God creates an abode fitting for man. God creates Man in his image to rule His creation. Man rebels against God. God is not the source of evil. God has a plan of redemption.
Much like the parables, literal truth in conveyed in literary terms. Parables use fictional stories to illuminate literal truth about the nature of God, man, and redemption.
So while it may not render a literal interpretation false by default, neither do those verses necessitate a literal interpretation of “how” God created.
If I understand the question correctly, I wouldn’t say it does. What I’m referring to is the different usage of the word “day” where YEC arguments (which LCMS employs) insist it is a 24 hour period. It makes more sense if we are talking about God resting in a literary sense as opposed to literal. Consider John 5:17 when Jesus was accused by the Pharisees for healing on the Sabbath, He says “My Father is working until this day and I too am working”. Or as the NIV puts it “is always at work…”. It’s not like God needs to take a breather on the 7th day. He’s setting aside a day of rest which has not only weekly significance to his chosen people, but eternal significance that finds its reality in Jesus now and yet to be.
When I say “scientifically”, I’m referring to the tendency to say “on Day 1 God did x,y,z…etc.” and then at 6pm had to knock off for the night. Augustine, who believed in instantaneous creation, nevertheless said affirms that ordinary 24-hour days “are not at all like the days of Genesis 1, but very, very different”. He balances the literal with the literary. I see value in that.
Back to you, brother.