Rom 5:12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—
So sin entered the world through Adam. But all did not sin through Adam. Just like justification entered the world through Jesus, but all were not justified through Jesus. All are sinless, until they sin, just like all are sinners, until they accept Jesus. But prior to Adam's first sin, sin existed, but it couldn't have been charged against us. It now can be charged against us, and is, when we break the law.
Rom 5:18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people,...
Again, all humans weren't condemned, rather those who broke the law were condemned.
Rom 5:18 ... so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.
Just as all humans were not justified by Jesus, just those who asked in faith for it.
In Jesus' death, all are capable of salvation, just like through Adam, all are capable of sinning.
It seems like Adam was almost non-consequential. If it wasn't Adam that sinned, then the next person would be the one that sin entered the world with. Breaking the law is bad regardless of who did it first, Adam just happened to be the one that showed us it is bad.
Rom 2:12 All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judged by the law.
Rom 5:13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law.
Those who do not sin against the law sound like they wont go to hell, they haven't rejected God, they never knew Him or His law. Though they will be accountable for their sins. It almost sounds like there is 2 kinds of sin, sin withing the law, and sin apart from the law.
To make it less complicated I will refer to it as SinL and sinC.
-SinL being sin within the law is the sin itself and rejection of God.
-SinC is apart from the law it is just the sin as in our conscience.
Perhaps there is a better Hebrew word for sinL and sinC, this would have allowed me to understand Romans a LONG time ago. But it has confused me like crazy until recently understanding this concept of 2 sins (which is clearly speaks of, I just never was able to differentiate them before..
Rom 2:14-15 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15 They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times even defending them.)
This is our conscience, that all humans were given. My guess is that it is in our genes. It wasn't in the Neanderthal, but was placed in the human genes when made in the image of God. God knows right from wrong. Man was probably doing right and wrong things before Adam. Adam was just he first lawful sin and rejection from God.
When Jesus died on the cross, He forgave those on earth, of all of their past sinsL, like an animal sacrifice would have done. But when Jesus rose from the grave, He conquered death and sinL. Now there is only sinC, there is no longer sinL, Jesus conquered it. We will still in our earthly bodies sinC, but it is no longer rejection of God sinL, because in choosing Jesus and what He did for us, sinL is gone, it can no longer happen.
Rom 6:2 We are those who have died to sin; how can we live in it any longer?
We can't sinL, there is no law. We don't have to follow it, and in not following it, we are still sinC, but we are no longer rejecting God (through Christ) we are no longer able to sinL!
I now believe that though the entry of sinL was through Adam, sinC was there from the beginning of humans (homo sapiens).
Jesus did not sinC, which also given the law (an Israelite) means He did not sinL.
Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in[b] Christ Jesus our Lord.
I think means the wages of sinL. Just like Adam was told if he sinL, he will die.
Rom 7:5 For when we were in the realm of the flesh,[a] the sinful passions aroused by the law were at work in us, so that we bore fruit for death.
The sinC took advantage of the law to make a normal sinC, become sinL (death).
But this law is necessary to show us the Holiness of God. God wants us to know Him, all of Him, and the only way to show us His holiness was to give us a law. Sin ceased this opportunity, to take a 'normal' sinC and turn into a really bad sinL. But the law is not bad, it just revealed to us the holiness of God.
God wants us to be holy, but we can only be mad holy through Christ. In giving us the law, He showed us how every sinC, is a sinL, and thankfully Jesus died so that all sinL is gone and we are now holy through Jesus, who 'blocks' God from seeing our sinC, and conquered sinL.
Now we see the holiness of God, we knew that sinL was to not sinC, which we can now do (not sinC) as Jesus 'blocks' God from seeing our sinC, so it is if we never did it.
Rom 7:13 Nevertheless, in order that sin might be recognized as sin, it used what is good to bring about my death, so that through the commandment sin might become utterly sinful.