Previously, you said that the order of letters had to spell out English words in order to have information. Seems that requirement has gone out the window.[quote=“bjmiller, post:42, topic:36944”]
2) The number of letters is large enough to preclude the possibility of pure chance. In contrast, if the string had been CAT, the pattern matches a word, but such a short sequence could happen by chance.
How did you determine that the number of letters is large enough to preclude the possibility of pure chance? I could arrange the same number of letters at random.
Then what is stopping you? You claim that these sequences contain information, yet you seem unable to measure it.[quote=“bjmiller, post:42, topic:36944”]
In the case of the origin of life, a minimally functional cell requires a precise set of reactions to take place in an enclosed space. However, reactions in cells rarely proceed quickly enough to maintain the metabolism. Even more problematic many of the reactions are energetically unfavorable - they move to higher free energy. Therefore, they need enzymes which will link reactions moving downhill (ATP --> ADP + P) with the desired cellular reaction. Such a linking requires an enzyme which targets all of the right molecules and then drives the two reactions in the right order. The minimal cell requires a whole suite of such enzymes, and each enzyme requires that amino acids (or nucleotides) link together in the right order. The probability of such fortuitous arrangements of letters in numerous chains is fantastically improbable. To give an example, the likelihood of random amino acids forming a functional cytochrome c was calculated by Robert Sauer from MIT to be 1 in 10^65 (Reidhaar-Olson, J. F., & Sauer, R. T. (1990) “Functionally Acceptable Substitutions in Two -Helical Regions of Repressor”, Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics 7, 306-316.).
You haven’t even shown that life would require cytochrome c, and the rest of that paragraph is full of bare assertions.
This is another bare assertion. You need to show all possible combinations of nucleotides and proteins that can result in life before you can even calculate these probabilities, and from what I have seen we simply don’t know what combinations result in life. Therefore, such probabilities are impossible to calculate.
This is the same type of information found in H2O that allows it to form hexagonal crystals.