From the philosophical viewpoint of where we get our “knowledge” from and how does one categorize Intelligent Design… I am in a quandry that perhaps can be addressed by someone sympathetic to Intelligent Design (whether they are pro-BioLogos or not) !
I.D. supporters say: nature, without God, cannot create life from non-living matter. And then usually follow up with something like this:
Natural Selection and mutation can lead to adaptations by species or by kinds… but it takes God to create species or kinds.
But does it make sense to chain these ideas together, without seeing the inherent contradictions?
Most of us are quick to conclude that Lions and Tigers may be two kinds of felines… but they are two Kinds or two Species.
But, technically speaking, they are not.
Lions and Tigers can mate to produce fertile offspring. Lions and Tigers are really one “KIND” that has adapted in different directions long enough that they are no longer perceived to be the same “kind” of feline. Lions are social. Lions hunt game in Africa. Tigers are not social. And for the most part they hunt game in Asia. These two gene pools have long been separate … according to the God-Guided scenario of Evolution.
And yet even with all these eons of separation … they are not Two species even now.
So does the I.D. proponent swallow his pride and simply confess, that Lions and Tigers ARE one Kind … and that God embraced natural selection to send two different populations into different directions so that one branch would populate Africa (after the Flood wiped out everything in Africa), while another branch populated Asia (after the Flood wiped out everything in Asia) ???